Introducing Işıl Aral

unnamedIt is our great pleasure to welcome Işıl Aral as an IntLawGrrls contributor! Işıl is a PhD candidate at The University of Manchester and works on unconstitutional changes of government and international legal theory. She graduated from Galatasaray University in 2010 and completed her LLM in human rights law at the London School of Economics. She practiced criminal law for three years at Bayraktar Law Firm, Istanbul. Together with her female colleagues at the Manchester International Law Centre, they founded the Women in International Law Network (WILNET) in February 2016. WILNET’s activities include networking events and web-based content, such as interviews with women international lawyers, providing rich and varied perspectives on how to enter and progress in the profession. WILNET also shares posts highlighting long forgotten contribution of female international lawyers, and invite others to do the same, thereby create a database of prominent historical women figures who have taken part in the advancement of international law.

Heartfelt welcome!

Introducing Sabrina Tremblay-Huet and Mélissa Beaulieu Lussier

It is our great pleasure to introduce Sabrina Tremblay-Hue and Mélissa Beaulieu Lussier to IntLawGrrls! Sabrina and Mélissa presented at IntLawGrrls’ 10th Birthday Conference in Athens, Georgia, and in their first post they will share their experiences.


Sabrina Tremblay-HuetSabrina Tremblay-Huet is a doctoral candidate in law at the University of Sherbrooke (LL.D.). She holds a Master’s degree in international law (LL.M.) from the University of Quebec in Montreal. She also holds a Bachelor’s degree in international relations and international law (B.A.) from the same university. Sabrina is the co-founder and member of the Critical Legal Research Laboratory. She serves as graduate student representative on the board of the Canadian Law and Society Association (CLSA). Her research interests are mainly critical international legal theory, international tourism law, Inter-American human rights law, and animal law in both the national and international contexts.



photo profil


Melissa Beaulieu Lussier is a LL.M. candidate at McGill University. Prior to her LL.M. studies, she earned a Bachelor degree in International Relations and international law (B.A.) as well as a Bachelor degree in law (LL.B.) at the Université du Québec à Montréal(UQAM). She previously worked as a legal consultant for the defense team of Bosco Ntaganda, a defendant before the International Criminal Court (ICC). She is also a defense attorney in Montréal, Canada. Her main research interests are international criminal law, international humanitarian law, criminal law and feminist theories. Her master thesis focuses on the prosecution of sexual violence by the ICC.

Heartfelt welcome!

Reintroducing Patricia M. Wald


It is our great pleasure to reintroduce Judge Patricia M. Wald, who was a guest blogger with us on the old site. Herpost with us today is the speech she gave at IntLawGrrls’ 10th Birthday Conference in Athens, Georgia.

Patricia served from 1999-2001 as a judge on the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Before joining ICTY Patricia served from 1986-1991 as Chief Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, part of a judicial tenure there that spanned 20 years. She was the court’s 1st woman chief.

Before becoming a judge, Patricia was, among other things: the Assistant Attorney General for Legislative Affairs at the U.S. Department of Justice; co-director of the Ford Foundation Drug Abuse Research Project; and an attorney with the Mental Health Law Project, the Center for Law and Social Policy, the Neighborhood Legal Services Program, and DOJ’s Office of Criminal Justice. Having earned her J.D. from Yale and her B.A. from the Connecticut College for Women, Patricia clerked for Judge Jerome Frank, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She has published many articles on international criminal justice, as well as five books on criminal justice, children’s rights, poverty, and women.

Heartfelt welcome!

Introducing Lisa Reinsberg & Francisco J. Rivera Juaristi

It is our great pleasure to welcome back Lisa Reinsberg, who was a guest blogger with us previously, and to welcome first-time blogger, Francisco J. Rivera Juaristi!

Lisa Reinsberg (née Cowan) is the Executive Director of the International Justice Resource Center (IJRC). Lisa has diverse experience in human rights advocacy, litigation, and research. Prior to founding IJRC, she was an attorney with Prisoners’ Legal Services of Massachusetts. Previously, Lisa was a Rómulo Gallegos legal fellow at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, where she worked on complaints alleging criminal due process violations, torture, and extrajudicial executions. Earlier, she represented adults and children seeking visas or asylum in the United States, at the Cabrini Center for Immigrant Legal Assistance of Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston.

As a Fulbright fellow (2008-2009), Lisa carried out a multi-country research project on Latin American non-governmental organizations’ use of international human rights litigation. As part of this project, she studied the Inter-American system, interviewed advocates and victims throughout the Americas, and worked directly with human rights legal organizations in Costa Rica, Guatemala and Venezuela in their litigation of cases before the Inter-American Commission and Court.

During law school, Lisa was a notes and articles editor of the Georgetown Journal of International Law, president of the International Law Society, and a research fellow with the Center for the Advancement of the Rule of Law in the Americas. She interned with the World Organization for Human Rights – USA, Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice, International Organization for Migration, International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights (INTERIGHTS), and a civil rights law firm.

Lisa holds a B.A. in political science and communications, with a minor in Spanish literature, from the University of California, San Diego and a J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center. Lisa is admitted to the State Bar of California, and is a member of the Bar’s Public International Law Committee. She is a 2014-2015 OneJustice Executive Fellow.



Francisco J. Rivera Juaristi  is a human rights attorney from Puerto Rico who specializes in the Inter-American Human Rights System. Prior to joining Santa Clara University School of Law as founding director of the law school’s International Human Rights Clinic and as co-director of its Costa Rica and Geneva Summer Programs on Human Rights, Francisco was a senior staff attorney at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights of the Organization of American States seated in Costa Rica, where he was also director of that court’s internship program. In the late 1990s, he also served as Executive Director of the Amnesty International Section in Puerto Rico. He has been a consultant for several non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as well as for the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP), the International Labor Organization (ILO), and the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights (IIHR), and has spoken and taught at various universities and institutions in the U.S. and throughout Latin America, Europe, and Africa.

Francisco has worked on a number of high-profile cases involving grave human rights violations, particularly throughout Latin America.  His publications include issues such as violence against women, enforced disappearances, indigenous land rights, the human rights to water and sanitation, and corporate and individual responsibility for human rights violations before both domestic and international fora.

Heartfelt welcome!



Introducing Siobhán Airey


It is our great pleasure to welcome Siobhán Airey to IntLawGrrls! Siobhán is currently completing her PhD in law at the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa on the legal nature of the international governance framework of Official Development Assistance (ODA or development aid), in which she draws from critical legal theory and legal philosophy to identify and analyse its unique juridical signature at the international, regional and domestic levels. Her post-doctoral work will examine the governance of new forms of international public-private development finance promoted through frameworks such as the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals in order to analyse how these instruments reconfigure the legal subjectivities of donor and recipient states, as well as re-balance public-private rights, duties and obligations in ways that are not immediately discernible through formal legal analysis. Siobhan has previously worked in international development, has an MSc in Equality Studies and an LLM in International Human Rights Law and has worked and undertaken research in, Europe, East Africa, Australia and South America. Her research and teaching interests are in legal theory and research methods; international law and global governance, and law and development.

Her first post examines a landmark decision on domestic violence issued last month by a court of ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West African States.

Heartfelt welcome!

Introducing Catherine Powell


It is our great pleasure to introduce our new IntLawGrrls contributor Catherine Powell! Catherine is a professor at Fordham Law School, where she teaches international law, human rights, constitutional law, and comparative constitutional law.  She is also an Adjunct Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and was elected to the American Journal of International Law board of editors in 2015.  Professor Powell took a leave from academia from 2009 to 2012 to serve in Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s Policy Planning Office and in the White House National Security Council as Director for Human Rights in the Obama Administration. She was founding director of both the Human Rights Institute and the Human Rights Clinic at Columbia Law School, where she was on the faculty as a clinical professor from 1998 to 2002.  Powell has also been a visiting professor at Georgetown Law School from 2012-2013 and at Columbia Law School in fall 2016 and spring 2007.

Her recent publications include How Women Could Save the World, If Only We Would Let Them: From Gender Essentialism to Inclusive Security, 28 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 271 (forthcoming 2017); Gender Indicators as Global Governance: Not Your Father’s World Bank, chapter in Big Data, Big Challenges in Evidenced-Based Policy Making (Kumar Jayasuriya ed., 2015) (West Academic Press, Publisher) (reprinted in 17 Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law 777 (2016)); Reflections on Zivotofsky v. Kerry: Presidential Signing Statements and Dialogic Constitutionalism, American Journal of International Law Unbound (2015); Libya: A Multilateral Constitutional Moment? American Journal of International Law (2012); and A Missed Opportunity to Lead by Example, New York Times, “Room for Debate on Have Treaties Gone Out of Style?” (2012).  Powell, who posts today on refugees and the new Executive Order, is also a frequent contributor to CFR’s blog, Women Around the World.

Heartfelt welcome!

Reintroducing Catherine O’Rourke

cor-fulbright-photoIt is our great pleasure to welcome back Dr Catherine O’Rourke to IntLawGrrls! She posts today on “Pursuing Synergies to Guarantee Women’s Rights in Conflict: The UN Security Council Arria Formula Meeting on CEDAW and the Women, Peace and Security Resolutions.”

Catherine researches, teaches and engages in policy work in the fields of gender, conflict and international law. Catherine is Senior Lecturer in Human Rights and International Law at Ulster University Transitional Justice Institute and Irish Fulbright Scholar 2016-17 at the University of Minnesota Institute for Global Studies Human Rights Program. Further, she coordinates the Gender Research Stream of the DFID-funded Political Settlements Research Programme. Catherine has a noted record of publications and research grants. She is author of ‘Gender Politics in Transitional Justice’ (Routledge, 2013).

Catherine is Independent Academic Expert on the Oversight Group for the Irish government’s National Action Plan Action on Women, Peace and Security. She is regularly commissioned by intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations to conduct expert research on gender and conflict, such as commissioned research on gender and reparations by UN Women, the Office of the High Commission on Human Rights and the International Criminal Court Trust Fund for Victims. Other commissioned work includes the UN Women Guidebook on CEDAW and the Women, Peace and Security Resolutions (2015, with Aisling Swaine) and a baseline study on the implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325 in Northern Ireland (2012, with Karen McMinn).

Catherine is active in local feminist politics in Belfast, in particular on issues of gender and dealing with the past, and reproductive rights. She is a member of the Belfast-based Legacy Gender Integration Group and Lawyers for Choice.

Heartfelt welcome!