Hilary Charlesworth nominated to International Court of Justice

Delighted to see that Australia has nominated Hilary Charlesworth for election to the International Court of Justice.  The election will take place on November 5, 2021, for the seat that opened upon the untimely passing in May 2021 of James Crawford, whose term was to end in 2024.

Hilary Charlesworth, the Harrison Moore Chair in Law and Laureate Professor at Melbourne Law School and a Distinguished Professor at Australian National University, served on the ICJ as judge ad hoc for Australia in Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan) (2011-2014), and is currently serving as judge ad hoc for Guyana in Arbitral Award of 3 October 1899 (Guyana v. Venezuela)

Photo from the ILG2 post, Women of the ICJ: Judge Xue Hanqin (China), Judge ad hoc Hilary Charlesworth (Australia), Judge Joan E. Donoghue (USA) and Judge Julia Sebutinde (Uganda), next to a portrait of Judge Rosalyn Higgins (Great Britain), the first woman to serve on the ICJ.

Hilary has twice been recognized for her accomplishments by the American Society of International Law, receiving the award for “preeminent contribution to creative scholarship” with Christine Chinkin for the book they co-authored, The Boundaries of International Law: A Feminist Analysis, as well as the Goler Teal Butcher Award, together with Prof. Chinkin, “for outstanding contributions to the development or effective realization of international human rights law.” In 2021 she received the Distinguished Scholar Award from the International Studies Association, and was previously awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium.

Hilary Charlesworth has been a member of the Executive Council of both the Asian Society of International Law and the American Society of International Law, and served as President of the Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law. She has been a visiting professor at a number of institutions including Harvard, Columbia, New York University, Michigan, UCLA, Paris I and the London School of Economics, and has delivered the General Course in Public International Law at the Hague Academy. 

Hilary is also a fellow IntLawGrrl (her ILG profile here).  In 2012 she and her co-authors Christine Chinkin and Shelley Wright shared their reflections as they looked back on their pathbreaking article, “Feminist Approaches to International Law,” 85 American Journal of International Law 613-645 (October 1991). Their post capped a fascinating month-long IntLawGrrls series on the work.

Heartfelt congratulations on the nomination, Hilary!

Go On! Climate Change and Cultural Extinction: A Human Rights Crisis

Photo credit: UNICEF/Akash

The negative impacts of climate change on the enjoyment of cultural rights — along with the positive potential of cultures to serve as critical tools in responding to the climate emergency — must be placed on the international agenda. A cultural rights perspective is a critical component of the holistic approach needed to respond to catastrophic climate change.

To address these issues, an inter-disciplinary panel will convene in a side event / webinar via Zoom on 21 October co-hosted by UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights Karima Bennoune and the Human Rights Program of the Roosevelt House Public Policy Institute at Hunter College in New York. The following day, the Special Rapporteur will present her pathbreaking new report on climate change and cultural rights to the UN General Assembly.

Date: 21 October 2020 Time: 1:15pm – 2:45pm EDT / 5:15pm – 6:45pm GMT

Advance registration required. Click here to register.


Mary Robinson, Chief of The Elders; Former President of Ireland, Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, and Former Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Climate Change

Karima Bennoune, UN Special Rapporteur in the field of cultural rights

David Boyd, UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment

Joshua Castellino, Executive Director, Minority Rights Group International

Noa Petueli Tapumanaia, Chief Librarian & Archivist, Tuvalu National Library and Archives Department; Tuvalu national librarian

Mohamed Hizyam, youth activist, Maldives (video message)

Moderated by Stephanie Farrior, Distinguished Lecturer, Human Rights Program, Hunter College

Discussion Friday 3 April: Domestic Violence During COVID-19: Sheltering at Home When Home is the Most Dangerous Place

The Roosevelt House Human Rights Program of Hunter College and the Sisterhood is Global Institute are hosting a live online discussion on Friday April 3 with frontline women’s rights activists from across the world.

Friday, April 3, 2020 1:00 pm – 2:00 pm EDT (17.00 – 18.00 GMT)

For victims of domestic violence, home is often the most dangerous place on earth. As the world moves towards lockdown to prevent the spread of COVID-19, women may have no safe place to turn. Moderated by Jessica Neuwirth, the discussion will explore current realities of domestic violence victims and solutions for supporting women in this vulnerable moment.

Carmen Espinoza, Executive Director of Manuela Ramos in Peru
Shafiqa Noori, Director of Humanitarian Assistance for Women and Children of Afghanistan
Diane Rosenfeld, Lecturer on Law and Director of the Gender Violence Program at Harvard Law School
Randa Siniora, Executive Director of the Women’s Center for Legal Aid and Counseling in Palestine

Registration is required. You may register here and join at zoom.us/j/580841531

Webinar on Wed. 25 March: Human Rights and Public Policy Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic

The Roosevelt House Public Policy Institute of Hunter College in New York City is holding a panel discussion via Zoom on Wednesday 25 March.  RSVP here so you can join the session when it starts.

 Responding to COVID-19: The Human Rights and Public Policy Implications of the Pandemic

Wednesday 25 March, 1:00-2:30 pm EDT (17:00 GMT – 18:30 GMT)

 With the increasing numbers of confirmed new cases of COVID-19, countries face tremendous challenges and very difficult decisions. Restrictions on freedom of movement and association in the interest of health security have been addressed differently in different countries, with differing results. Join us online for a timely virtual discussion addressing the urgent human rights and public policy implications of the global public health crisis.

Jamil Dakwar, Director of the Human Rights Program at the ACLU
Phelim Kine, Director of Research and Investigations at Physicians for Human Rights
Ram Raju, MD, Senior Vice President and Community Health Investment Officer, Northwell Health
Jessica Neuwirth, Rita E. Hauser Director of the Human Rights Program, Roosevelt House
Shyama Venkateswar, Director of the Public Policy Program, Roosevelt House

Click here to RSVP to this Zoom panel discussion.

Brazilian NGO addressing environment and human rights receives inaugural Human Rights & Business Award

Justica nos Trilhos - logo

The Brazilian NGO Justiça nos Trilhos will receive the inaugural award from the Human Rights and Business Award Foundation, the recently-formed foundation announced today.  The award, which is accompanied by a $50,000 grant, is made in recognition of “outstanding work by human rights defenders in the Global South or former Soviet Union addressing the human rights impacts of business in those regions”.

As the foundation states in its press release:

Justiça nos Trilhos is an organization working closely with local communities in remote parts of Brazil – including indigenous peoples, peasants, and Afro-descendants – to address human rights and environmental abuses by mining and steel companies, in particular the multinational Vale.

Mining and steel companies have polluted the rivers on which these people depend for drinking water and their livelihoods, polluted the air causing respiratory and eyesight problems, contaminated the soil with industrial waste, displaced communities, and decimated the cultures and lives of indigenous peoples.

The foundation notes:

The human rights defenders of Justiça nos Trilhos, and the local communities they work with, have been subjected to surveillance and retaliatory lawsuits by Vale.

Information about the Vale mining company is available here.  Two stories about the work of Justiça nos Trilhos, the first of which includes Vale’s responses:

Session on Tuesday at UN Forum on Business and Human Rights

BHR ForumDanilo Chammas, a lawyer at Justiça nos Trilhos, will accept the award on behalf of the organization at a session being held at the United Nations Forum on Business and Human Rights in Geneva on Tuesday 27 November. The session “will be an interactive learning and discussion opportunity, linking the particular experiences of the award recipient and the lessons learned through those experiences to the Forum’s priority issues including human rights due diligence, sector-focused challenges, and the UN Guiding Principles [on Business and Human Rights]”.

Human Rights & Business Award – Human rights defenders in the Global South
– Tuesday 27 Nov, 18:15-19:45, Room XX, Palais des Nations, Geneva
– The session’s objectives, key discussion questions, and discussants:  here

The Business and Human Rights Award Foundation was established by the founder of the award-winning Business and Human Rights Resource Centre, Chris Avery.  The foundation website was launched today in eight languages.

Press release announcing the 2018 Business and Human Rights Award:


Sir Nigel Rodley Human Rights Conference: October 28-29, 2017

Nigel RodleySir Nigel Rodley Human Rights Conference
October 28–29, 2017
A conference in honor of the late Sir Nigel Rodley is being hosted by The Urban Morgan Institute for Human Rights at the University of Cincinnati College of Law on October 28–29, 2017.  Co-sponsored by Paul Hoffman and Professor Bert Lockwood, director of the Urban Morgan Institute, the Conference will focus on the contributions of Sir Nigel to human rights and his areas of concern, as well as the challenges currently facing the international human rights community.  Registration and hotel information are here.  If you have any questions please email Nancy Ent at nancy.ent@uc.edu.


9 am        Greeting from Prof. Bert Lockwood
Video Tribute to Sir Nigel Rodley

9:30–10:30 am      Nigel Rodley and Amnesty International
Chair: Paul Hoffman 
Chris Avery, Founder, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
Prof. Stephanie Farrior, Vermont Law School
Prof. David Petrasek, University of Ottawa

10:30–11:30 am       Nigel’s Scholarship
Chair: Prof. David Weissbrodt, University of Minnesota
Prof. Roger Clark, Rutgers Law School: Nigel’s Criminal Law Scholarship
Prof. Rebecca Cook, University of Toronto Faculty of Law: Nigel’s Feminist Transformations

11:30–12:30 am      Death Penalty
Chair: Prof. George Edwards, Indiana University
Christina Cerna, Former Attorney, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Death Penalty Case
Prof. Sandra Babcock, Cornell Law School: Death Penalty Today
Prof. Connie de la Vega, University of San Francisco

Lunch Break    Boxed Lunches will be provided

1:30–2:30 pm     Torture
Chair: Prof. Terry Coonan, Florida State University
Prof. Juan Méndez, American University; Former UN Special Rapporteur on Torture
Felice Gaer, Vice-Chair, UN Committee against Torture
Curt Goering, Center for Victims of Torture

2:30–3:15 pm      The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)
: Howard Tolley, University of Cincinnati
The Honorable Unity Dow, Minister of Education, Botswana; Former Chair of the Executive Committee, ICJ
Prof. Robert Goldman, American University; Acting President, ICJ

3:15–4:30 pm      Treaty Bodies
Prof. Dinah Shelton, George Washington University
Prof. Cees Flinterman, Maastricht University
Prof. Ruth Wedgwood, Johns Hopkins University
Prof. Douglass Cassel, University of Notre Dame


9–10:15 am      Economic and Social Rights
Chair: Prof. Stephen Marks, Harvard University
Prof. Paul Hunt, University of Essex; Independent Expert, UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Prof. Tara Melish, University of Buffalo
Larry Cox, Kairos Center, Poor Peoples’ Campaign

10:15–11:15 am      Current Challenges, Part I
Prof. Mark Gibney, University of North Carolina at Asheville

Prof. Michael  O’Flaherty: View from the European Union’s Fundamental Rights Agency
Christophe Peschoux: View from the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Prof. Tom Farer, University of Denver: Minority Rights in the Age of Mass Migration

11:15–11:30 am      Break

11:30 am –12:30 pm    Current Challenges, Part II
: Dr. Bernard Dickens, University of Toronto
Prof. William Schabas, Middlesex University
Prof. John Packer, University of Ottawa
Sandra Coliver, Open Society Foundation

12:30 pm    Concluding Remarks
Paul Hoffman and Bert Lockwood




“The Judicial Branch Grabs Back”

As noted by Dahlia Lithwick in The Judicial Branch Grabs Back (Slate), here are four of the five federal judges who have issued stay orders in response to Trump’s executive order:
• Judge Ann Donnelly (Eastern District of New York)
• Judge Allison Burroughs (District of Massachusetts)
• Judge Judith Dein (District of Massachusetts)
• Judge Leonie Brinkema (Eastern District of Virginia) (no photo)
Update as of 30 January: Another judge to add to the list (LA Times story here):
• Judge Dolly Gee (Central District of California)

Teams of lawyers are also grabbing back at airports all across the US.  Even the floor serves as an office at JFK airport for preparing habeas corpus petitions.  Lawyers took over the food court at JFK’s Terminal 4 this weekend to plan legal action, prompting my colleague Jennifer Taub to tweet this comment and photo.

Professor Sir Nigel Rodley, 1941-2017


Photo credit: University of Essex

It is with profound sadness that I share the news that Professor Sir Nigel Rodley KBE, has passed away.   Fellow IntLawGrrls who were in the Lawyers Network of Amnesty International will remember first working with him in the 1980s when he headed the AI Legal Office.  He spearheaded developments in addressing torture, the rights of prisoners, international human rights standards and  mechanisms, and so much more.

Early on we tussled over the role of international law in addressing violence against women by non-state actors, but when it came time to file an amicus brief on the subject with the US Supreme Court in Town of Castle Rock v. Gonzales, he immediately agreed to lend his name and sign on.  He was generous with his time with NGO colleagues and students alike.  He also had a good-natured way of sharing his impressions.  Once he became a member of the UN Human Rights Committee I asked him how it was going. He replied that it was quite different working in a committee setting, and said with a twinkle in his eye: “I miss being a Special Procedure”.

The University of Essex has created a page where tributes may be shared.

Messages from the More than Half a Million Marchers in DC

My husband and I flew to DC the day before the march on a plane packed full with other march-goers.  Friends who stayed in Vermont participated in the Sister March held on Saturday in the state capitol, Montpelier, where the State police estimate there was a crowd of nearly 20,000 — in a town whose total population is just over 7,500.  Check out two of my favorite photos from that march, here and here.

In DC: Saturday morning began with a pre-march gathering hosted for Vermont march-goers by Senator Patrick Leahy and Marcelle Leahy at the Mott House, on Capitol Hill.  The overflow crowd was more than double the number originally anticipated. Our other Senator, Bernie Sanders, addressed the yuuuuge march in Montpelier.


With Senator Pat Leahy at pre-march event he and Marcelle hosted on the Hill.

Then it was off toward the rally site.  Photos of a ceremony held before the rally, just outside the main entrance to the Museum of the American Indian:



Yes indeed!

We then moved toward the rally site, except that it was so crowded it was impossible to get anywhere near the audio speakers, so we did not hear a single speech. We were surrounded by over 500,000 of our new best friends though.


Spirits were high, the crowd massive, and the signs poignant.





The iconic 1971 photo of Gloria Steinem and Dorothy Pitman Hughes . . .


. . . and a re-creation commissioned by Pitman Hughes for Steinem’s 80th birthday celebration


The march itself began in the early afternoon.  The crowds were so massive that they filled not just the avenue designated as march route, Independence Avenue, but the entire length of the Mall, all of Constitution Avenue, and all of Pennsylvania Avenue further north. I have participated in large demonstrations before, but none so overwhelmingly large that an entire section of a city becomes the march route.  En route and at the end:


“Women’s rights are human rights.”


We reached the designated end of the march — the Ellipse by the White House — and stayed there for a while as more marchers arrived and others left. We then began to head back to Capitol Hill to join a post-march gathering with colleagues.

As we started back along Pennsylvania Avenue, we turned headlong into a sea of marchers who were still coming and had not yet reached the end point. To get a better view, we climbed onto the bleachers still in place from the previous day’s parade.

What we saw took our breath away.  By now it was 4:00 PM, and the streets were packed solid with marchers still heading toward the White House.


Further along our walk back to the Hill, we met up with President Lincoln outside the DC Court of Appeals, where departing marchers were leaving message placards.



IACHR financial crisis: Suspends hearings; 40% staff layoffs to come

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights announced on 23 May 2016 that as a result of severe underfunding of its work, it has been forced to suspend its upcoming hearings and cancel its pending country visits, and it will have to lay off 40% of its staff at the end of July, when their contracts expire.

The President of the IACHR, James Cavallaro, began a statement with these words (translated here from the Spanish):

I write with deep sadness, frustration and anger. In the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights we face the worst financial crisis in history. We have absolutely empty coffers.

In past years, he noted, funding for the work of the Commission came from voluntary contributions from the US, Canada, Denmark, Spain, Finland, France, Norway, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the European Union.

This year, however, Europe’s international assistance priority has been the refugee crisis in that region.  And states in the Americas?  El Pais reports:

The only ones who have given funds to the Commission in 2016 are Argentina, United States, Peru and Uruguay. The total: 2.5 million, of which the US accounted for more than 90%.

The OAS allocates only 9.1% of its budget to finance the IACHR and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.  As the article in El Pais notes, this is less than the OAS allocates to take care of its buildings.  Cavallaro pointed out a striking contrast between LAC funding of the ICC and of the IACHR:

Latin America and Caribbean countries’ voluntary donations in 2015 to:

  •    International Criminal Court (ICC): $13.7 million
  •    Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: $199,000 (sic)

Yet, Cavallaro notes, “the ICC has no pending cases from the region and there is only one situation under preliminary examination.”

I am told that this is not the first time the IACHR has had to raise its voice to get the OAS to come up with the funds for it to continue operating, but the severity of the current situation is worse than ever. In recent years, some states have tried weakening the IACHR by weakening its authority. Severe underfunding can be another route to their goal. The IACHR has been too important to human rights for this to happen.  As Cavallaro noted:

Either the heads of state of Latin America and the Caribbean will take the political decision to give life to the inter-American system of protection and promotion of human rights, or they will witness its collapse.

Update: Additional details here; h/t Roxanna Altholz.