Call for Papers: Vulnerability, Protection, and Agency: An Interdisciplinary Conference on Migration

24-25 May 2018, Law Faculty, University of Oslo, Norway

Organized by the Research Group on International Law and Governance in collaboration with the Research Group on Human Rights, Armed Conflict, and Law of Peace & Security, and the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO)

Migration is presenting a challenge to migration practitioners, policymakers and academics given the manifestation of extra-territorial approaches, increased reliance on technology, and weakening of accountability for violations of rights. Migrants are increasingly limited in accessing rights and in receiving protection from harm when fleeing, both en route and upon arrival.   The phenomenon of irregular migration, often organized by human smugglers, foments vulnerability. Legal and operational structures result in discriminatory treatment, detention, and deportation, signaling what Boaventura de Sousa Santos characterizes as “abyssal thinking”.  The majority of migrants and displaced persons actually remain within their own countries or regions in Africa and Asi, thus we also seek understanding of the consequences of internal migration/displacement and “trapped migration” e.g. the Rohingya exodus, the Syrians, and Ukrainians.

A juxtaposition is the articulation of migrants’ agency, relating to their journey, drive to seek protection and regular status, and survival.  Their agency is both strengthened and weakened by the use of technology and social media, modes of travel, smuggling and use of migration brokers, the migration industry (detention, biometrics, security), transnational remittances.

Finally, we consider the complex situation of the asylum bureaucracies; there are disagreements among and within Ministries of Justice, Immigration Boards, Immigration Judges and regular case workers as to the legality or morality of regulations and policy implementation.  There are tensions regarding limited accountability of state and non-state actors acting in a official capacity as well as the negative and positive impact on the agency of migrants.  Migrants have mixed experiences communicating with interpreters, police, caseworkers, and other actors.

The lack of an international refugee law court has resulted in a flood of cases being presented to human rights courts and committees at the universal and regional levels resulting in increased fragmentation without attaining normative clarity.

This conference calls for papers proposing how to move beyond the abyss, welcoming perspectives from law and the social sciences (including geography, anthropology, sociology, criminology, and IR); interdisciplinary approaches are encouraged.  We call for paper proposals from scholars, policy makers, or practitioners, at different stages of their careers, Phd candidates, post-docs, and professors.   Proposals for a poster session will also be evaluated:

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Go On! Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication

 

On 26 and 27 October, the Conference on the Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication will take place in The Hague, co-organised by the PluriCourts Centre of Excellence (Oslo University) and the Europa Instituut (Leiden University).

 

‘Unseen actors’ are central to the ‘institutional makeup’ of international courts and tribunals as registries and secretariats, law clerks and legal officers may exert varying levels of influence on the judicial process.

 

At this conference, legal and political science scholars and members of adjudicatory institutions will consider and discuss the legitimacy of assigning ‘unseen actors’ certain roles in the judicial process as well as the implications thereof for the dispute settlement mechanism as such.

 

The Conference Programme and link for registration are now available at http://www.leidenlawconference.nl/8-conferences/31-unseen-actors . For more information, please email Prof. dr. Freya Baetens at freya.baetens@jus.uio.no .

 

Policy Brief on Women in Da’esh- From Recruitment to Sentencing

Ester Strømmen has recently published a PRIO policy brief on Women in Da’esh

Da’esh has stunned the world with gross human rights abuses, gendered violence, and practices of sexual slavery, and yet, the organization has attracted a large amount of female recruits. Women who have joined Da’esh have been met with a storm of disbelief and gendered commentary, and have even been designated their own term – ‘jihadi brides’. This policy brief by Ester Strommen from PluriCourts, the University of Oslo, explores agency and women in Da’esh: why women join, their roles, and how women are treated if they return to the West. The brief illuminates how gendered understandings of Western female foreign fighters are affecting judicial processes and potentially creating gaps in our security structure. It examines how gendered narratives in sentencing may be in conflict with UNSCRes 2178 and CEDAW.

 

Read the full policy brief here.

Ester Strømmen is research assistant at PluriCourts at the Department of Public and International Law, University of Oslo, Norway.  She works within the pillar on International Criminal Law. She holds a Masters of Law (LLM) in Public International Law from the University of Oslo, and an M.A. (Honours) from the University of St. Andrews in International Relations. Her research areas include international criminal law, counter terrorism and human rights, foreign fighters and gender and terrorism.

Conference on the Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication

On 26 and 27 October, the Conference on the Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication will take place in The Hague, co-organised by the PluriCourts Centre of Excellence (Oslo University) and the Europa Instituut (Leiden University).

 

‘Unseen actors’ are central to the ‘institutional makeup’ of international courts and tribunals as registries and secretariats, law clerks and legal officers may exert varying levels of influence on the judicial process.

 

At this conference, legal and political science scholars and members of adjudicatory institutions will consider and discuss the legitimacy of assigning ‘unseen actors’ certain roles in the judicial process as well as the implications thereof for the legitimacy of the dispute settlement mechanism as such.

 

Please find the Call for Papers here: http://www.jus.uio.no/pluricourts/english/news-and-events/events/2017/2017-10-26-unseen-actors.html . The deadline for submission of abstracts via email to unseenactors@jus.uio.no is 31 May. Feel free to email Prof. dr. Freya Baetens (freya.baetens@jus.uio.no) for further information.

Advanced Summer Programme Countering Terrorism: Legal Challenges and Dilemmas

In the past years, terrorism has continued to gain ground as one of the most complex and pressing problems of contemporary societies. Terrorist attacks have hit countries around the world, pushing governments to adopt new policies and measures attempting to address a constantly evolving threat. In order to understand and respond to the global problem of terrorism, the Asser Institute and the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague (ICCT) are offering the unique Advanced Summer Programme on Countering Terrorism: Legal Challenges and Dilemmas. During an intensive week, experts will provide participants with key insights into the current issues surrounding counter-terrorism from a legal perspective, together with state-of-the-art tools to respond to terrorism.

Programme
The comprehensive programme addresses counter-terrorism from a variety of perspectives. Topics covered include the definition of terrorism; the notion of ‘global war on terror’; the legal framework surrounding the use of armed drones for targeted killings; the protection of human rights while countering terrorism; preventive and repressive responses to the phenomenon of foreign fighters; challenges regarding the prosecution of (returning) foreign fighters; and the role of intelligence gathering and sharing in counter-terrorism. The lectures are complemented with study visits to international institutions in The Hague.

What will you gain?
A solid understanding of the different challenges, underlying dilemmas, and rule-of-law responses when countering terrorism; An outstanding opportunity to explore, together with high level speakers, longterm,effective, international rule-of-law-based strategies and measures for countering terrorism; and unique networking opportunities with speakers and participants from diverse backgrounds.

Who should participate?
The summer programme is designed for front-line practitioners, policy makers, diplomats and (military) lawyers. Professionals working at think-and-do tanks, international organisations, universities (including PhD students) and in the criminal justice sector who want to expand their knowledge of the underlying legal tenets and dilemmas in countering today’s and tomorrow’s terrorism are also invited to apply.

28 August – 1 September 2017, The Hague
Fee: € 1695
Registration: www.asser.nl/CT2017
Registration deadline: 23 July 2017
Venue: T.M.C. Asser Instituut
Contact: educationtraining@asser.nl

Write On! THE ROLE OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS: JURISPRUDENCIAL ADVANCES AND NEW RESPONSES

CALL FOR PAPERS

Workshop – Oslo, Norway
15 May 2017

Aims
This workshop has three specific aims. Firstly, it focuses on the identification and discussion of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights’ (IACtHR) valuable contribution to the field of International Human Rights Law, particularly in connection to new issues reaching this judicial body. Secondly, aware of existence of negative reactions provoked by some IACtHR’s decisions in determined States, the workshop aims at identifying and analyzing specific factors determining or influencing such rejection. Lastly, this workshop encourages the discussion of possible alternatives for solving those challenges. Through a systematic view of these three aspects, the organizers of the workshop wish to contribute to a better understanding of the role of the IACtHR in the region.

Selection and Format
Participants will be selected on the basis of abstracts submitted in response to this call for papers by 20 March 2017. We are looking for concept notes and working papers on the topics described below or similar. Papers should present innovative ideas and be unpublished at the moment of presentation. Submissions must be addressed to Leiry.Cornejo@EUI.eu or n.t.zuniga@nchr.uio.no. Please include your CV and current institutional affiliation.

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Mexico – US Friendship Quiz

1) What is the origin of this quote? “There shall be firm and universal peace between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, and between their respective countries, territories, cities, towns, and people, without exception of places or persons.”

2) Mexico and the US signed a treaty in 1936 to address challenges associated with migration, what kind of migration were they addressing?

3) Both the US and Mexico have significant symbols that include an eagle and a snake. What do they symbolize?

4) What are the official languages in the US and Mexico?

5) The US and Mexico sit on a belt which includes 75 % (450) of the world’s active volcanoes. What is the belt called?

6) What is Mexico’s official name?

7) Which three very famous food items did Mexico introduce to the world?

8) Contrary to the US, Mexico has once won a gold medal in a men’s football competition. Which competition and when?

9) Which university is the oldest in North America?

10) Which Mexican artist said: “I paint myself because I am so often alone and because I am the subject I know best.” (extra point for naming the spouse)?

11) Approximately how many Americans live in Mexico (2010 census)?

12) According to the World Tourism Organization, two states on the American continent are among the top ten tourism destinations in the world, which are these (extra point for guessing their ranking)?

13) Approximately how many million Americans visit Mexico in one year (2014)?

14) Approximately how many million Mexicans visit the US in one year (2014)?

15) Does the Mexico have a surplus or deficit with the US with regard to trade in goods and services, and approximately how many billion USD?

16) Which were the three largest export markets for US goods (extra point if ranked correctly)?

17) Among the three members of NAFTA, which brought most cases against another member of NAFTA before the WTO (extra point for guessing how many)?

18) Among the four richest persons in the world according to Forbes (2016), there are two Americans and one Mexican, can you name them (extra point for ranking)?

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