iCourts Summer School for Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Students June 23-27, 2014

The Centre of Excellence for International Courts (iCourts) and PluriCourts – Centre for the Study of the Legitimate Roles of the Judiciary in the Global Order are hosting a summer school for PhD students and junior scholars titled “International Law: Courts and Context.” The week long program is designed for doctoral students and post-doctoral students engaged in the interdisciplinary study of one or more international courts. The program is led by renown senior faculty with deep experience studying international courts in various contexts. A significant part of the program is a focus on improving participant’s own projects.

Information and a brochure are available at: http://jura.ku.dk/icourts/calendar/phd-summer-school/

Doctoral and postdoctoral fellowships for young scholars interested in international courts

If you know of students or young scholars who want to pursue a Phd studying international courts, please refer them to the generously funded posts available at iCourts in Denmark  http://jura.ku.dk/icourts/news/icourts-phd-scholarships-nov2013/.  Students from any country may apply, but they must have a Masters Degree in hand before beginning the program.

Two 3-year postdoctoral fellowships are also now available at iCourts, the Centre of Excellence for International Courts, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen. The fellowships are to be carried out as part of the interdisciplinary EuroChallenge Project in combination with the overall iCourts research agenda. The center is looking for projects which address the broader question of the changing role of the “European legal-political space in a new global order? The global challenge to European markets, human rights and constitutionalized democracy”. See further here and apply on-line http://www.ku.dk/english/available_positions/vip/.

The Gender Citation Gap

This is my first blog post ever!  I thought I would bring to the world of international law a debate that is occurring within international relations senior faculty women.  A recent very systematic study has documented a gender citation gap. The finding is that women are more likely to cite women, but combined with the reality that men’s articles are cited more than articles by female authors, and there are more men than women in international relations (and political science), it becomes for women hard to escape the systematic cumulative effects of bias. The authors find that controlling for many factors that may matter (paradigms, venues, subject matter, methodology), women’s articles should be cited 4.7 times more than they actually are cited.  With fewer controls, the finding is that single authored articles by women receive roughly 73% the citations of articles written by men or articles with a male coauthor.

If this happens in international relations, it likely also happens in international law. Indeed this is a replication study, investigating a finding that has appeared with respect to other disciplines.

The authors make a number of recommendations.  One recommendation is that women should do as men do– self cite–and that we should treat citation figures as a gender biased indicator.  Another recommendation is that this issue of gender citation should be monitored, with journals regularly reporting statistics involving gender in the article.  Larry Helfer brought to my attention that EJIL does this.

The senior IR faculty women are currently discussing how we may influence journals to pay attention to this issue.  If you want to comment on this issue, you might respond to Barb Walter’s puzzler where she notes that “you, yes you, can make a difference.”