Harris Institute Presents Testimony on Gun Violence at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Members of the Commission, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

On February 27, 2018, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights held a hearing on “The Regulation of Gun Sales and Social Violence in the United States” in Bogotá, Colombia. The Commission invited the U.S. government and four members of civil society— the Harris Institute, the Center for American Progress, Amnesty International, and the Igarapé Institute — to present testimony on this important issue.

As part of the Gun Violence and Human Rights Project recently launched by Harris Institute Director Leila Sadat, WashULaw students Jiyeon Kim and Nicole Smith attended the hearing. The Harris Institute’s testimony can be found at minute 6:43 of the hearing video. A copy of the Harris Institute’s Written Statement submitted to the Commission is available at this link.

From left: Eugenio Weigend and Joel Martinez (Center for American Progress), Jiyeon Kim, Katherine Aguirre (Igarapé Institute), Zeke Johnson (Amnesty International), and Nicole Smith.

The hearing highlighted that there are proven and effective measures that the U.S. government can implement to reduce the number of lives lost due to gun violence. An appropriate government response that takes a public health and human rights approach to this problem would reduce homicide and suicide rates in the United States, and reduce illegal gun trafficking that is rampant in the Americas.

During the joint recommendation at the end of the hearing, the Harris Institute urged the Commission to conduct a study on gun violence in the U.S., with a special focus on school shootings, and hold a thematic hearing on this important issue. Visit the Harris Institute’s website to learn more about the Gun Violence and Human Rights Project.

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“Mind the Gap”- ICC ASP Side Event on Progress in Drafting a Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Humanity

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Participants attending the Side Event.

On December 11, 2017, the Harris Institute hosted a well-attended Side Event entitled “Progress in Drafting a Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Humanity” at the Sixteenth Session of the Assembly of States Parties of the International Criminal Court. The side event was co-sponsored by the Republic of Chile, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Republic of Korea, and the Republic of Sierra Leone at UN Headquarters in New York.

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Side Event Panelists (left to right): Judge O-Gon Kwon, Professor Sean Murphy, Professor Leila Sadat, Professor Charles Jalloh, Professor Claus Kress, and Mr. Solomon Sacco.

The panel featured Special Rapporteur Sean Murphy, Professor Charles Jalloh, Professor Claus KressPresident-Elect of the ASP Judge O-Gon Kwon, Solomon Sacco from Amnesty  International, and Professor Leila Nadya Sadat. The side event provided a briefing by the Special Rapporteur on the preamble, draft articles and annex adopted by the UN International Law Commission (ILC) in 2017 on the proposed crimes against humanity (CAH) convention. Then expert panelists commented briefly on the Commission’s work from their perspectives, followed by interventions from the audience.

Professor Sean Murphy began by providing a summary of the Commission’s work since the project was launched in 2014. The draft articles adopted by the Commission on its first reading fall into five general areas: prevention of CAH (articles 2, 4, and 5); investigation and prevention of CAH (articles 3 and 6); rights of the alleged offender and rights of victims, witnesses, and others (articles 11 and 12); inter-state cooperation (articles 13, 14, and the annex on mutual legal assistance); and inter-state dispute settlement (article 15).

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Professor Charles Jalloh

Professor Charles Jalloh, also a member of the ILC, noted the tremendous progress of the Commission on this significant project. He noted that the legal text has the potential to become a treaty which is significant for the international community. He discussed the pressing need to have a CAH convention to “mind the gap” in international criminal law. Genocide, CAH, and war crimes are all considered international core crimes; however, while we have a Genocide Convention and the 1949 Geneva Conventions covering war crimes, the world still lacks a convention on preventing and punishing CAH.

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Professor Claus Kress

Professor Claus Kress suggested that the provisions in the draft convention could enhance the coherency of international criminal law. With this draft convention, Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro could have been decided differently because the Court would have been able to analyze the situation in a more legally comprehensive manner. He also noted the possibility of the draft convention having a positive spill-over, an inspirational effect.

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Left to right: Professor Sean Murphy, Judge O-Gon Kwon, and Professor Leila Sadat.

 

ASP President-Elect Judge O-Gon Kwon gave his full support to the ILC’s work, noting the need to enhance the complementarity regime of the International Criminal Court.

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Mr. Solomon Sacco

 

Solomon Sacco of Amnesty International observed that the draft was a good start but found room for improvement, in particular as regards to the non-refoulement, mutual legal assistance, and rights of victims provisions. He specifically advocated for a clause prohibiting amnesties, the use of military tribunals, and reservations.

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